Kitchen Cabinet Components
Different type of Kitchen Cabinets
- Base Cabinets are the cabinets mounted on the floor that usually support the countertops. Kitchen islands are also a form of base cabinet and can be a combination of several base cabinets joined together or a custom-made base.
- Wall Cabinets are mounted on the wall, with no connection to the floor. They're typically located above the countertops and stoves/ovens.
- Tall/Pantry Cabinets are essentially tall base cabinets. They stand on the floor and may be free-standing or attached to other wall and/or base cabinets.
Materials for the construction of Kitchen Cabinets
- Solid wood: lumber that has been milled directly from trees.
- Particle board: is an engineered wood product manufactured from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or sawdust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded.
- Medium density fiberboard (MDF): an engineered wood product made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, often in a defibrator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure.
- Plywood: material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.
- Stainless steel/metal: a form of steel containing chromium, resistant to tarnishing and rust.
- Plastic laminate: a special form of polymer-matrix composite consisting of layers of reinforcing materials that have been impregnated with thermosetting resins, bonded together, and cured under heat and pressure.
- Melamine: a synthetic material that’s composed of different things, including wood particles, glue, resins and even paper.
- Thermofoil: a surface finish applied to cabinets by multiple manufacturers. It is a plastic material which is thermoformed to the profile of an underlying engineered wood core such as medium-density fiberboard.
Kitchen Cabinet Components
- Kitchen Cabinet Handles
• Cabinet Bar Pull
• Arch Pull
• Center Cup
• Center Bar Pull
• Euro Center Bar
• Center Drop Handle
- Finishes for the Hardware
There are many ways to add the finishing touch to the hardware. The cabinets can be tarnished, polished, brushed, burnished, oil-rubbed, satin, antique or matte.
- Cabinet Drawers
Materials for drawers are typically made with MDF, plywood, and solid wood. The solid wood tends to have better quality to support the frequent opening and closing.
Materials for cabinet doors, except for stainless steel cabinets, are made from solid wood or one of the engineered wood products (particle board, MDF, plywood). Engineered wood doors are covered with a wood veneer, laminate or thermofoil.
Materials for cabinet shelves are made from one of the engineered wood products - either plywood, MDF or particle board. Regardless of which material is used they're normally covered with another material such as a wood veneer or laminate ply.